Verordnung zur Einschränkung von Veröffentlichungen im Patentwesen*

Vom 15. Januar 1944

*Double-click on it to get the genuine text in pdf

Auf Grund des § 14 der Verordnung über außerordentliche Maßnahmen im Patent- und Gebrauchsmusterrecht vom 10. Januar 1942 (Reichsgesetzbl. II S. 81) verordne ich:

§ 1

Zur Wahrung allgemeiner Belange kann der Präzident des Reichspatentamts anordnen, daß die Angabe des Patentinhabers und des Erfinders in der offenen Patentrolle und in den amtlichen Veröffentlichungen über die erteilten Patente unterbleibt.

§ 2

(1) Unterbleibt die Angabe des Patentinhabers oder des Erfinders in der offenen Patentrolle, so wird sie in einem Anhang zu dieser aufgenommen, in den die Öffentlichkeit kein Einsicht hatt. Im übrigen finden auf den Anhang die Vorschriften für die Patentrolle Anwendung.

(2) Dem Patentinhaber oder dem Erfinder ist auf Antrag eine Bescheinigung über die ihn betreffende Eintragung in dem Anhang zu erteilen.

§ 3

Ist bei einem Patent, dessen in dem Anhang zur Patentrolle verzeichnet ist, die Erklärung der Lizenzbereitschaft nach § 14 des Patentgesetzes eingetragen worden, so gilt die dort im Abs. 3 vorgesehene Anzeige der Benutzungsabsicht als bewirkt, wenn sie durch Aufgabe eines eingeschriebenen Briefes an den Präsidenten des Reichspatentamtes zur Weiterleitung an den Patentinhaber abgesandt worden ist.

§ 4

Ordnet der Präsident des Reichspatentamts die Übertragung der Angabe des Patentinhabers oder Erfinders aus dem Anhang in die offene Patentrolle an, so kann er bestimmen, daß die Angabe in den noch nicht ausgegebenen und im Patentblatt veröffentlicht wird.

§ 5

Die Bestimmung der §§ 1,2 und 4 gelten sinngemäß für die Angabe des Inhabers eines Gebrauchsmusters.

§ 6

Diese verordnung tritt am tage nach ihrer Verkündung in Kraft.

    Berlin, den 15. Januar 1944

Der Reichsminister der Justiz

Dr. Thierack

 

What is the quintessence of this directive? Meant is - to save firstly - the interest of the Third Reich. Their aim was, that patents should generally be accessable to every entity in the Third Reich. So that everybody of whom haveing an interest in an invention (thus would like to use or explore it) could do so. Of course, they were obliged to pay a fair fee (Lizenzbereitschaft).

Curious is, that allowing other entities to use your invention includes also competitors. The objectives of the Third Reich was, however, more far reaching. Why should names of inventors (patent owners and inventors) being removed from patent files? This was already foreseen in their new patent Legislation of late 1936 (See the article in: Siemens-Zeitung 1937, particularly pdf page 4) and Patengesetz von 1936 (very interesting contribution, giving credit to Britain's very successful patent system since the 17th century) and/or  Patent-history, (this latter article deals with Werner von Siemens' huge struggle as to establish a German patent system (legislation) in the 1870s)   

Considering these references, it is evident that inventions should benefiting the Country*, egoism should be blocked (prevented)! We have to regard, that this 'VO' being in the line of "communal profiting". One had in these circumstances a choice, give away (sharing) your exclusive patent rights (of claims) or the State was taking its rights to possess these claims**! * I believe, that his was, to some extent, practised in most countries, especially in wartimes. ** Even today, patents are sometimes being kept as to stop competitors from accessing new technologies, even when they themselves refuse to use it!

What the legal status of some of these patents was at the day of Germany's unconditional surrender, has not been subject of many discussions. All German patents were considered firstly being a trophy of war! The interest of Allied owned German firms were cleared quite soon in post war years. We have to think of, for instance: Ford, ITT and Opel which latter was owned by GM, though also AEG which company had pre-war (rather close) contacts to GE in the US. However, a bulk of patent documents were kept in the US and returned successively in the 1970/1980s. I have designated these curious patent files, like: DExxxx ap, where 'ap' stands for: application form, what these documents actually are. Notice for instance: DE762245. It is visible that Telefunken's name had been 'erased (deleted)' in conjunction with VO. vom 15.1.44 .... . Also its 'application number' T559?9 VIII 21g*** was deleted. Curious is, though, that this (particular) patent was, nevertheless, granted (effectively since 14 December 1944). Consider also its pdf page 9 ('PA' stand for: Patent-Antrag, not being equal to the Patent Office application number).*** T means Telefunken

 

 

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