Research Work undertaken by the
German Universities and technical
High Schools for the Bevollmaechtigter Fuer
Research on Associated Subjects
CIOS File No. XXXI-2
CIOS Items 1 and 7
Mr. R.M. Whitmer, OSRD
Capt. M. Snowdon, RRDE
Lt.Cmdr.-John Todd ASE
Lt. Reuter ASE
S/Ldr. W.E.J. Farvis TRE
Capt. R.T. Ramm SRDE
F/L. L.B. Mullet TRE
Cdr. O.L. Ratsey ASE
F/L. W. Abson TRE
S/Ldr. B.A. Shape RAE
Mr. H.B. Marvin USSTAF
Mr. D.H. Hamsher US. Sigs. Corps
Lt. P.G. Redgment!! ASE
S./Ldr. G.C. Barker TRE
Capt. J,M. Robson RRDE
Mr. C.W. Hansell!!
S/Ldr. Macfarlane TRE
S/Ldr. Devons TRE
Lt.Cmdr. Whipple ASE
Capt. Steward U.S?
Mr. R. Bender U.S.
Cmdr. D.H. Sadler ASE
Lt.Cmdr. F. Hoyle ASE
Lt.Col. J.J. Slaterly
Maj. J.M. Sanabria
P.f.c. F. Koppl
Maj. N. Johnson-Ferguson Royal Signals (SRDE)
I myself wonder, that to my knowledge very few real accademics were among these men, which were visiting German Univerty Institutions. Hansell was well known for a long time.
It will also appear, that as usually this report is containing a lot of deliberatly wrongly names and other kinds spelling. It is apparent, that this report is not seriously checked by "scientific eyes". They most likely would have complained its draft concept.
Targets and names visited
University of Strasbourg (Straßburg) at Seefelden; date 8th June 1945; Director of Dept. Dr. Egon Hiedermann; Assistants Dr. Otto Brandt - Dr. Freund - Dr. Osterhammel - Herr Leutscher; Report on supersonics; Dr. Hiedermann and his staff were originally at Cologne University but were moved to Strassbourg University ..; The evacuation to Seefelden was made in October 1944; Brandt had worked exclusively on supersonics during the war .. ; Alberich work Dr. Meyer in Berlin ..
Mathematical Institute University of Tübingen; 9 July 1945; Condition of target intact; Interrogated: Profs. K. Knopp - H. Kneser - E. Kamke - Dr. Wielandt; Knopp had not been conected with war research; Prof Kneser had made calculations on the flutter of aeroplanes for Junkers (Prof. Hermann, Köthen) and DVL under contract arranged by the Reichsforschungsrat (Mathematisches Reichsinstitut?) .. ; Prof Kamke carried out research work under contracts from RFR Arbeitsgruppe Mathematik; Wielandt had been working at AVA Göttingen, in the Institute for non-stationary problems (Prof. Küssner) ... supersonics
Target Mathematical Institute T.H. Karlsruhe and Aachen, Location Umendorf b. Biberbach (Wüllemberg, should be Würtenberg!!, AOB); Interrogated Prof. R. Sauer (T.H. Karlsruhe Inst. of Mathematics formerly T.H. Aachen); Prof. W. Fucks (Should likely be: Fuchs!!, AOB); Sauer was concerned with External ballistics, calculations of trajectories by numerical methods and by a differential analyser constructed by Askania (Berlin);. Peenemünde and RLM; Supersonic flow calculations of air flow about projectiles ..; supersonics ... alternative first suggested by Göthert - DVL .. ; UW Explosions calculations on underwater explosions have been carried out .. ; Sauer's book .. In view of the absence of any similar book in English, and the growing importance of the subject, it is suggested that an English translation of both volumes (suitably revised to include Allied work inaccessible to Prof Sauer should be prepared ..
Konstanz Targets; Work of Dr. Gebauer of the Physical Institute of the University of Darmstadt; Dr. Rudolf Gebauer and his assistant Herr Kleestadler were interviewed at 10 Alpenweg Strasse in Konstanz .. on 17 May 1945; Dr. Gebauer had worked under, and later with Prof. Rausch von Traubenberg in the University of Prague on atomic physics, particularly on the Stark effect using very high electrostatic fields, for instance 1.4 x 106 cm. The two men continued their work in Kiel ... In 1937 Gebauer changed using h.f. electric fields and this led him to the development of a high voltage V.H.F. oscillator, independently of Heil but at about the same time .. because Rausch von Traubenberg had a Jewish wife (who was a very talented scientist) he was not allowed to teach .. ; When the war started in 1939 Gebauer left electron gun work and was put in charge of the Lorenz velocity-modulated tube development (May 1939 to may 1941) .. In May 1941 he was elected to a chair in the University of Darmstadt, in charge of work on atomic physics .. ; Dr. Döring took over from Gebauer at Lorenz: Gebauer's assistant Dipl.-Ing. Heinrich Steul .. ; Kleestadler (Mathematics) .. ;
Mathematical Institute T.H. Darmstadt, Location 32 Fichtestrasse Darmstadt, visited on 29th June 1945; During the war Prof. Alwin Walther developed his small department in a large computing institute which employed some 90 people; Drs Zurmühl - Unger ... ; Dr. Hoffenberg .. - Dr. Schöbe, Mr. Selow .. work on propagation for Telefunken; Computations of Bessel Functions for OKW; Calculations required in a theory of waveguides developed by Buchol for LFS Heidelberg ... ; Dr. De Beauclair, Dipl.-Ing. Dreyer ... engaged in conjunction with Firma Ott Kempten in Allgäu a differential analyser based on the integraph of Abbanke-Abakanowitz in which photo-electric curve followers and electric coupling of units were employed .. ; Dr. Czerniakorski ..
Target Prof. Lothaar Collatz, Location T.H. Hannover at present Kleist Strasse 9 Karlsruhe, date 26 June 1945, condition of target reasonable; Prof. Collatz is one of the leading experts in the field of numerical applied mathematics .. ; similar work had been contemplated by Admiralty Computing Service but had not not progressed beyond the stage in view of other more urgent commitments ..
Interrogation of Prof. Schumann of the Electro-Physical Laboratory of München University, located at home address Wörnsmühle near Miesbach S of München date 15/6/1945; Prof Schumann is an extremely able theoretical physicist and has been making a study of pulse generating networks .. plasma oscillations .. ; Dipl.-Ing. Nauer in chage of lab. at Neumühle (wrongly Neumüle, AOB); Prof. Piloty also of München .. ; Dr. Schumann has been working on this problem for a long time, and had obtained from the BHF a contract to continue his work ... ; Dr. Medicus had for some time worked on a corona discharge tube for stabilisation of voltage up to 10,000 volts ... stabilisers in production at Philips ..; Oscillations in Plasma .. Mr. Höss had worked on the generation of H.F. using plasma oscillations in the neighbourhood of 30 cm.; Dr. Haug. had very recently proved the presence .. Dr. Bullinger had found that discharge ...
Target number CIOS 03 Name target Electrical section of Technical High School Brunswick (= Braunschweig), date of investigation 4 June 1945, physical condition of target 10% damaged; Prof Pungs, Ungar (should most likely be Unger, AOB) Dr. Lambert; done largely H.F. work Navy N.V.K. (Nachrichtenmittelversuchskommando); simple jammers; Aerials; radar camouflage sumpf surface layers with graded between 20 cm and 6 cm ... semi-conducting sheets .. the reflected signal was of the order of 10-15% of that reflected by the metal sheet alone .. the conducting sheets had been supplied by N.V.K. who moved from Kiel to Wolfenbüttel in June 1944; The T.H.S. at Brunswick was in effect a subsidiary of N.V.K.
CIOS trip 183, Interrogation of Prof Schumann of the University of München at Wörmsmühl date 4/6/45; Dr. Schumann was first interrogated about the work carried out under his direction in connection with interference caused to the reception of Radio Control Signals in Missiles, by noise generated by the propulsion gases; work had been carried out for the RLM .. Much of the experimental work has been done at Peenemünde by an assistant Mr. R. Prochaska .. he had written an account of his work ..; A microommeter (should be microohmmeter, AOB) was connected in series with insulation path to earth and the potential produced on the missile due to the exhaust gas recorded; The noise voltage output of a Radio receiver inside the missile was measured. ..... ; With alcohol, Liquid oxygen system tests had shown that all of the interference caused .. ; method of reducing interference Dr. Schumann then described a method that had been devised as a result of his work .. ; Plasma oscillations ...; Prof Gerlach home address Franz Joseph Str. 15/2 Gautenhaus ..
Prof. Piloty interrogated 16 June 1945 living 49 Posenhoffener Str. Starnberg Mr. Wurmsee??; Prof Piloty had been working for many years on problems dealing with filters and pulse forming networks using Tschebyscheff approximations to obtain maximum deviations ..
CIOS Target 1/514; Universities of Konigsberg (should be: Königsberg, AOB), Graz. Göttingen; Type of target High temperature ceramics and H2 O2, Far infrared spectroscopic transmission measurements, high frequency dielectrics, deicing for aircraft, date 5 June 1945; Prof. Matossi of the University Graz that had been making transmission and reflection measurements of dielectrics in the region of 2 to 20 µ, infrared absorption .. ; list der bei λ = 14 cm bestimmten Werte von Plexiglas-Bernstein-Trolitul-Mipolam-Trolitul F-Trolitan-Trolitax-Troliton-Opanol-Igelit-Ergan-Ardostan-Calit-Th O2 -BeO - Spinell-Uvioglas-Supremayglas-Magnesiaglas-....
Physikalisches Institut der Universität Graz Universitätsplatz 5 CIOS 1/154; Rep. 5 June 1945; Pyroelektrische Untersuchungen; Ultrarotes Spektrum des Wasserdampfes; Oxy-Naphtho-Säure-Methylester; Abbildingsfehler von Elektrodenlinsen
Technische Physik Institute Jena date 4 June 1945; purpose to investigate reported wide band amplifier covering 24 cm ± 2 cm. Was not wide band but tuneable over that range. Dr. Muller (should likely be Müller, AOB) was interrogated ...
Physikalisches Institute der Universität, Erlangen 13 June 1945 (this time famous Dr. Hansell attended, AOB); Prof. Dr. Rudolph Hilsch head of Physics Institue .. Dr. Pohl of Göttingen - Dr. Gudden had worked on semi-conductors for the Heeres Waffenamt (HWa, AOB); Crystal-detector Investigations ... Dr. Konig (König?, AOB) Göttingen has an electron-microscope at his disposal, with that he showed in a recent work, that a detector-effect with a metal-point only occurs, when the crystals are larger than 10-4 cm. He could get layers in crystalline state by depositing Ge-compounds in vapour state F.E. GeC14. Ge-crystal layers of any desired shape shall grow according as the temperature of the porter-material (black-lead) is chosen. In connection to that, one student in my institute has investigated the behaviour of thin Ge-layers produced by sputtering the metal in high-vacuum. .. ; The practically used substances as Ge, Si are not proper for detecting the principles of the rectifying properties ...; Dr. Kluvius who was said to have discovered the rectifying effect of Germanium .. Dr. Welker of T.H. Munich was said to have maid the first germanium crystal detector in conjunction with F.F.O. (please see also Vandormeal's paper, in which Welker's and Dr. Schottky's engagement in early semi-conducting theory is being dealt with, AOB); Dr. Schottky now at Schloss Pretzfeld was engaged on theoretical analysis of crystal detectors; Dr. Stutzer of F.F.O. who performed high frequency tests on crystals; Prof. Gaus also did work on crystal detectorrs but had been interned in a German concentration camp. Dr. Hilsch claimed ... ; Low Temperature Physics Dr. Hilschg outstanding interest was in low temperature physics at which he claimed to be a master. He showed to us apparatus which he asserted was was superior to any to be found elsewhere in Germany .. ; superconductivity Dr. Hilsch stated ... ; In the course of his researches he discovered that CuS, although a good insulator at normal temperatures, becomes superconducting at 1.7 degs K. Although it was not his own work, he mentioned the discovery that NbN (Niobium Nitrate) had transition point at 25 degs. K, which is far above the normal range of transition points. Sidelight on Initial Attitude of Nazi Government to Scientists. ... Interrogation of many German scientists indicates that the Nazi Government initially failed to appreciate the importance of physics and their work. ...
Physics Institute University Vienna (Wien) Location Villa Anna and Haus Brusatti, visited 21 June 1945; Resume of intelligence: The Physics Institute had been largely engaged on academic nuclear research and quite recently had been evacuated to Villka Anna and Villa Brusatti Thumersback?? (Kumersbach???, AOB); The nuclear aspect had already been investigated by Prof. Smythe of Princeton University (ALSOS) and Prof. Stetter the director of the institute was asked to forward a copy of a report being prepared for Prof. Smythe to CAFT Group I ...; Prof. Dr. Stetter - Dr. Weiniger - Dr. Beck - most of the work was directed to the problem of radar camouflage (Sumpf!, AOB) - the use of multi layers of graded characteristics was under investigation for OKM. Some theoretical calculations had been made for plane waves falling on plane surfaces and appropriate measuring equipment was under development ... all copies had been destroyed ..(please read CIOS XXIV-24 on Schornsteinfeger!!); ..... The aim was the development of materials of high permeability but no electrical conductivity such as mixtures of ferric oxide and magnesium oxide ..
Target 1/113, Date 6 June 1945, University of Vienna, Physical institute laboratory for cm waves, and theoretical and nuclear physics; physical condition of target documents previously evacuated, equipment intact, guarded; Resume Prof. Stetter is in charge of the physical institute; Dr. Beck was not available and living at Zeitskammergut (most likely should be Salzkammergut, AOB); other workers in the cm wave group were Dr. Weiniger, Fräulein Watzner, Dr. Bieberschik?, Frau Weidinger and Dr. Vellat (living in Kitzbuhlen?; Prof. Ebert of the Physikalische (incorrectly written Physikelische, AOB) of the University of Wien, also wanted to investigate the fundamental properties of magnetism by HF measurements on powdered iron; Dr. Fues ... ; Dozent Jetschke - Dr. Prankel - Dr. Kaindl - Dr. Gundlach, Doz. Herzog Dipl-Phis. Hilbert worked recently on absorption of neutrons by various elements .. ; mechanical counter op to 300 counts per second made by Ludwig Gille Prinzen Strasse 9 Berlin ..
Institute of Electrical Communications and Measuring methods at Oberaudorf (evacuated from Munich) ... about 10 kms north of Kufstein .. ; Dr. Piloty ... ; Dr.-Ing. Mattiat Mattias?, AOB) .. Dr. Horner was commisioned by the ... (AEG) Berlin; Dr. Ederharter .. ; The Nachrichtenversuchsmittelkommando (NVK, AOB) Wolfenbüttel .. ; two projects were commisioned by the Oberkommando der Luftwaffe Berlin and the Atlas-Werke Bremen Zweigwerk München Aussenstelle Hechtsee and Kiefersfelden .... Telefunken berlin authorised an investigation of filter circuit which could transform a square wave pulse into a pulse of arbitrary shape ...
Physical Chemistry Laboratories, Leipzig University, to interrogate Prof. Bonhoffer (Bonhöffer?, AOB) on his wartime research work; he was contacted at his home (Am Wasserwerk 7 Leipzig) ... Anti-Nazi .. ; In November 1939, he received a letter from Prof. Schumann of Berlin University who was leader of the Heereswaffenamt (HWA, AOB) informing him, that unless his activities were confirmed to problems connected with the war effort, he would soon lose all his research workers and assistants to the army .... ; Prof Bonhoffer became slightly acquainted with the Uranium Problem Group. This resulted in joining Heisenberg, Claus Bothe, Hahn, Klopfermann etc. .... ; In December 1943 his institute in Leipzig was completely destroyed during an air raid after which he was contacted by Osrams and was offered a very attractive post in their Research Oragisation. It would appear that Mey who at the time was in charge of Osrams research ... ; He had been quite intimately associated with the German Underground two of his brothers had been sentenced to death and a third had been placed in a Concentration Camp
Göttingen University Physics Laboratories, visit May 31 1945; Investigation of high resolution zinc oxide fluorescent screens previously reported by C.A.F.T. assessors; These screens are capable of high resolution, the grain size being as zinc oxide screens prepared by setting from an aqueous suspension; The work on the screens had been carried out by Prof. Mollwo in Prof. Pohl's laboratory ,, ; The primary aim had been to produce a screen consisting of very small fluorescent particles very tightly packed together in order to obtain a practically a continuous surface ... ; Dr. Helweg working in the same building had worked for some years on the Anti-radar for N.V.K. ... ; Prof Zahn of Applied Physics Laboratory was also interrogated ..
Institute für angewandte Mechanik Göttingen .. Burgstrasse 42, date 22 June 1945; Prof. Schuler ... Dr. K. Stellmacher ..
Physics Institute Göttingen CIOS Target 9/89 .. visit date 20 May 1945; headed by Prof. Pohl and second Prof. Koffermann ... Secret material found in the area previously had been evacuated so a complete picture could not be made..
Universitäts-Sternwarte Göttingen, visited 22 June 1945; ... The University Observatory which is Gauss' old home and ... ; The Astronomisches Techen-Institute (known as Copernicus Institut) of Berlin-Dahlem has been evacuated .. ; Dr. ten Bruggencate confirms that the German time service originates from Hamburg (Deutsche Seewarte) ...
Laboratory of the Technical High School, Berlin, evacuated to Bad Liebenstein. Person interrogated Dipl.-Ing. Erwin Weise formerly Osram .. ; titanium-tinanium dioxide resistors .. ; Investigation of very thin films of titanium dioxide (TiO2) ... Electrically controlled friction devices for control and amplification of mechanical forces .. Laboratory subject to guard regulations of 8th Corps Area .. ; Mr. Weise spoke disparagingly of Dr. Pearson's published works on semi-conducting (Bell-Lab.) .. Documents removed: Über ein Messgerät für hohe und niedrige Gasdrucke mit Halbleiterwiderstände by Erwin Weise .. ; Semi-Conducting materials (please bear in mind, that in those German days semi-conducting often meant "not obeying Ohm's law" thus not responding in a linear sense, AOB); In the manufacture of Urdox resistors finally divided titanium dioxide and magnesium oxide are mixed with water and extruded like ceramic .. ; It is understood that the resistors have no sources of electrical noise within them, other than the minimum thermal agitation noise .. ; Thin Film Resistors .. ; Considerable work has been done on the development and application for very thin films and threads of titanium dioxide semi-conducting materials .. ; ... The thin film are potentially very useful for measuring incident radiant energy, as pysometers and infra red detectors not only due to their small heat storage capacity but also due to their blackness or high absorption .. ; .... Electrically controlled Clutches, many years ago it was demonstrated that friction between semi-conducting material and a metal shoe sliding over it could be varied over a large range value by passing a variable electrical current through the surface between them. Attempts were made made to use the phenomenon to provide electrically controlled clutches and the clutches did find some use in telegraph signal recorders. The development was abandoned because of the poor quality of semi-conductors then available. With the development of new titanium dioxide semi-conductors this old abandoned has been revived with much more promising results .... ; ... In general the clutches provide control of mechanical power by electrical power in a manner to give great amplification and rapid response. ... ; Electronic Amplifiers without Vacuum. According Mr. Weise he had some ideas and had demonstrated ... ; ... A World-Review of the manufacture of semi-conductors Osram 1932 ....Siemens 1936 .. Holland the so-called "Starto-Tubes were mentioned .. 1940 USA the so-called Thermistors were mentioned in the Bell-Lab record by Western Electric .. England there is no manufacture in this country. In 1942 an article appeared in the Journal of Scientific Instruments on the American Thermistors .. Russian Only scientific publications by Davinoff, Frenkel and others are known ..
Zeitschrift für technische Physik .. Dr. Erwin Weise's paper of 1943 pp 66-69 (Volume 4 1943); .. Magnesium-Titanium-Spinell film ...
Interview with Dr. Schottky, interviewd by Macfarlane and famous C.W. Hansell; While we were at Pretzfeld on 14 June 1945 to investigate the Siemens establishment there we found that Dr. Schottky of the University of Berlin and Dr. Emde of TH Stuttgart were in the town. Dr. Schottky said that, in recent years, he had been making theoretical analysis of the phenomena taking place in fluorescent materials during the production of light, and the phenomena in semi-conductors with particular emphasis on rectifiers and crystal detectors ..
Physical Institute of Berlin, dispersal, Location Reifenstein near Leinfeld, visited on 6 June 1945, condition intact except for minor looting; Dr. Schall was interviewed, Prof. Schumann on a method of taking photograph at very high speed, on behalf of the Wehrmacht, to show actions of explosives .. A student engineer named Wilstorf was stated to have been working on routine crystallography for his degre ..
Institute für Elektrische Messkunde und Hochspannung Technik TH Braunschweig; remarks Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ervin Marx (should be Erwin, AOB) the head of the department .. development of spark jammers .. Visited 24 July 1945
Instititut für Elek. Autogen Steuerung TH Hannover, Location Lautenthal Prinzess Caroline?; Prof. Dr. Weissmann the head of this senall? (small?, AOB) department .. Dipl.-Ing. Guiuher .. On the development of electrical control mechanism for machine tools .. development of electrical fuse for A.A. shells. The fuse consisted of a condensor which was charged at the moment of firing to a predetermined octential? (potential?, AOB) ... The fuse, which was to be made by Rheinmetall-Borsig under the name Ersatzzeitzünder ZS/30 was still under development tests still being made to find electrical components of the required stability and accuracy. (this is oals described by Simon Director of US Ordnance, AOB). target visited 27 July 1945
Interrogation of Dr. Fritz Sennmeiser (Sennheiser!, AOB); Institut für Hochfrequenz und Electro-Acoustik, TH Hannover Wolfengarten Or Forschungsstelle des Institut für Hochfrequenz und Elektroakoustik, Wenneborstel near Bissendorf or Westerfeld Im Buchholzfelde 13 (private address); Dr. Sennheiser had acted as second in charge to Prof. Vierling the head of the Institute.; Prof Vierling (now at Eberstadt near Nürnberg)(was he in captivity because being a party member?, AOB); Dr. Sennheiser had both come from the Heinrich Herrz (should be Hertz!, AOB) Institute of Berlin to Hannover when the Institut für Hochfrequenz und Electroacoustic was formed as a separate department in 1938 ... Prof Vierling had augmented his salary by establishing two private laboratories .. The Forschungsstelle des Instit. established in 1939 .. The Feuerstein laboratory at Ebermannstadt near Nürnberg established in 1942 .. Prof Vierling was a member of the S.S. using his membership to obtain financial assistance and promotion .. ; Forschungsstelle des Institut - Wennebostel .. Speech coding and decoding,. Later transferred to Ebermannstadt. Development and production of cm oscillators for testing receivers such as Corfu (should be Korfu, AOB) The small RD2M (g.d or h) Tellfunken (should be Telefunken, AOB) magnetrons were used ... Development and production of wavemeters for the 3 - 12 cms bands using Lecher and crystal detectors. .. Investigation of lighthouse oscillators in 25 cm region (LD9-LD12, AOB) .. Development of a coded telegraphy system combining teletype-writers with a coded telegraphy system with a Lorentz (should be Lorenz, AOB) scrambler ...Work on speech coding ..
CIOS-CAFT Group 1 Interrogation of Prof. Dr. Teches. Franz Unger, date 24 July 1945; Prof. Unger is in charge of the Institut für Elektrische Maschinen and during the war had been a technical officer in the german Navy working in Kiel, Berlin and Braunschweig worked on the diminution of the noise caused by machines used in submarines. In this connection he had designed a special DC to AC convertor for use with submarine compasses. underwater arcs for metal cutting ...
CIOS - CAFT Group 1 Interrogation report of Prof. Dr. Cario date 26 July 1945, Prof. Cario head of Physics at the TH Brunswick (Braunschweig, AOB) Brauntager 9; His interests lie in the fields of optics and atomic physics. During the war he did little work of importance having undertaken only ... on the effectiveness of dyes produced by I.G. Farben in absorbing fluorescence ..
CIOS - CAFT Group 1, date of visit 28 July 1945, interrogation of Dr. Seiz location "T" Force Camp Gandersheim (He must have been of special competence as to be selected into this Scientics Camp); Prof Seiz was the head of the Institut für Elektromaschinenbau und Hochspannungstechnik TH Danzig. He had done work of great importance during the war. Worked on: Suppression of Radio interference caused by static discharges for the RLM .. Development of an induction furnace using spark gaps only just started .. Distribution of electric power - small scale experiments made .. Production of large acoustic power in water for NVK ...
CIOS Advance Field Team Report 21 Army Group Main; Opportunity Targets The Universities of Leiden and Amsterdam. Further enquiries were made of the work of Dr. Butcher of the German S.S. at both Leiden and Amsterdam .. ; From Dr. J.van Handel (Kamerlingh-Onnes Laboratorium) Leiden. Butcher came to the university of Leiden in 1943-1943 from the Russian front apparently to replace another officer who had to leave Leiden. .. When Butcher went to Doetinchem he took with him a considerable amount of equipment including .. A Neutron Generator (from the University of Amsterdam (GU, AOB) .. Two powerful magnets (from Leiden) giving a field of about 18000 Gauss, HT transformers ...; Dr. van den Handel did not know precisely what Butcher had been doing or was to do at Doetinchem (many Germans mowved to that town in the final days of the war, AOB) ... Prof. Casimer - Uiverlaan 2 Eindhoven (later director of Philips Nat-Lab, AOB)
Date 14 May 1945, Prof. Sizoo of the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VU) Laressestraat 174 supplied the following information on Butcher's early work was on light alloys and he had been making X-ray investigations. Prof. von Stokar the former German head of Education in Apeldoorn had told Prof. Sizoo that Butcher was working in Holland because a very important institute in Germany had been bombed ... ; Neutron Generators .. Prof. Joliot in Paris (Mme Cuie Lab) ... Neutron generators working with 1,000,000 Volts had been made in Hamburg (Müller factory) .. Prof. Sizoo had not a very high opinion of Butcher's capabilities ...
Niels Bohr Institute (incorrectly written Nebls' ... , AOB), Location Blegdamsveg (..vey, AOB?) The German authorities in no way interfered with the work of the Institute from the time of occupation of Denmark until 1943. During that period ... One of the two visits were made to Copenhagen by German Physicist in particular Bothe (Heidelberg, AOB) visited in 1943 a request for special work to be done .. Heisenberg, Weisachen? (Weizäcker?, AOB) .. Dr. Heisenberg who revisited ... Dr. Best .. Whilst the institute had been occupied by Gestapo personnel no damage had been done to the Institute ..A cyclotron with a 37 ton magnet ... A pressurized Van de Graadd machine ..
Mathematische Reichsinstitut, location Lorenzenhof Oberwalfach, visited 6 July 1945, centre for mathematical research, condition intact and under protection of Military Governement Fribourg (Freiburg, AOB); The Institute was set up early in 1945 under auspices of the Reichsforschungsrat.; .. Prof. Suss? (Süss?, AOB) Prof of mathematics, Rektor Freiburg University. Deputy directors Prof. Sperner and Prof. W. Threlfall .. Profs.: H. Behnke, Münster - H. Seifert Heidelberg - H. Gortler Freiburg - G. Bol Greifswald ... Long range weatherforcasting ...
Back to, or proceed with: CIOS index page
Back to, or proceed with: FIAT-CIOS-BIOS main index page